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Daniel Watts Troy,

Montgomery, Alabama.


Photo of Daniel Watts Troy          Scanned Pages of the Notes on the Troy Family        Generation II

(The scanned pages load very slowly.)


            What appears to be the most reliable information now obtainable - - derived from the Rev. Fred W. Troy, pastor of Summer Avenue Baptist Church, Brooklyn, New York - - is that the Troy Family in America descended from Michael Troy, the original ancestor here, are not in fact Irish but descendants of one William Troy, of Troyes, France who came over to the north of Ireland about the time of William of Orange.  If this is correct it follows that the present family are only so much Irish as some eighty years sojourn in Ireland would make them.  Rev. Fred W. Troy, whom I have seen, is without question of the same stock and greatly resembles the present generation members of the family in the United States.  He was born in Ireland and is of a generation equivalent to that of the writer if the reckoning which he adopts is right - - that the original Michael Troy was a first cousin of his - - Rev. Fred W. Troy’s - - great grandfather.

            As against this theory, however, it should be noted that O’Hart, “Irish Pedigrees”, Dublin, 1892, holds that the name “Troy” is a corruption from “O’Turrain” and in his “Irish and Anglo-Irish Landed Gentry”, Dublin 1884, refers to several of the name and lists the family as being among the prominent Irish families from the eleventh to the seventeenth centuries.  Also, Robert P. Troy, a lawyer of San Francisco, unconnected with the descendants of Michael Troy, insists that the family existed in Ireland as far back as the eighth century and sends me a photograph of ruins of “Castle Troy”, County Limerick, which so he says, was erected in that period.

            Quite possibly both are correct as there may have been two distinct families, Rev. Fred W. Troy has promised, so soon as the ending of the war made it possible, to obtain for me from one of his sisters a record of the family running back to the French William Troy; and he insists that there is no matter of doubt on the point.

            So far, examination having been limited to data available in the New York Public Library, no coat of arms has come to light but the crest of the Troys is blazoned in “Publications of the Harleian Society, Vol. LXVI, MDCCCCXV, Gramtees of Arms to the end of the XVII Century, p. 258: - -

“Crest, a ragged stocks (i.e. staffe or stick) arg. Out of the which a branch

 of oak in his kinds”.


Authority:  Barker’s Grants, Harl. M.S.5846, F. 99, b.


Fairbanks’ “Book of Crests of Great Britain and Ireland” gives the blaxon: - -


“A tree erect and raguled, sprouting out of the top, couped, three acorn branches fructed or, leaved vert.”


These are substantially the same; the tree erect and raguled, that is to say with lopped branches, is the ragged stick of the earlier description, while the “branch of oak in his kinda” is simply elaborated into the three acorn branches fruited with gold and leaved in green.  The earlier argent of the stick is omitted: doubtless the crest is sufficiently displayed with the gold and green.

            It may well be that the original William Troy already had the right to coat of arms when he arrived in Ireland and that the crest was afterwards added.  This, of coarse, is merely conjecture.  The crest, itself, however, is very certainly a matter of record and belongs to the present family.

            The following references to individuals of the name are not at present connected with the known history of the family but are collected here for such use as they may have hereafter.


Gentleman’s Magazine - -

“Oct. 12, 1795.  Died.  Mrs. Mary Troy, wife of Jacob Caseneuve Troy, Esq., wine-merchant of Chatam.  Dec. 9, 1798.  Died.  Jacob Casenueve Troy, Esq., of Chatham, Kent.

Jan.27, 1803.  Married:  Capt. Holder of the Royal Navy to the eldest daughter of the late J.C. Troy, Esq., of Chatham.

June 30, 1792.  Died:  Near Waterford, (Ireland) aged 120, Wm. Troy, A little time before his death he read the smallest print without spectacles and daily walked about his farm without support.

Feb. 17, 1825.  Died.  At Falmouth, on his way to Madeira, for the benefit of his health, Michael Wm. Troy, Esq.”


            Individuals named in early American records, but unconnected, are noted hereafter.

            The nearest complete history of the family which was obtainable originally is the following letter, most of the data of which has been carefully examined and supported by other authorities.  It was written by Mathew Troy (Mathew, Alexander, Michael) to Alexander Troy (Alexander James, Alexander, Michael) - -


                                                                        “Paris, Texas, August 18, 1892

“Aunt Fanny asked me to write you for her and she gave me the following facts in regard to our family history.  Michael and Mathew Troy, brothers, came from Londonderry, Ireland, probably about the year 1711”


this is beyond question too early a date - -


            and settled in the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania.”  - - The original settlement was elsewhere but one of them subsequently moved to the Wyoming Valley  - - -


            “They married Rachel and Jane Potts, daughters of the founder of  Pottsville, Pa.”  - - - The father of Rachel and Jane Potts was Robert Potts, unconnected with the Potts family of Pottsville.,   - - - “and fled with their families to North Carolina at the time of the celebrated Wyoming massacre in 1778.”  At this time Mathew was already in North Carolina, as will be seen.  They settled in Salisbury.

            Michael and Rachel had eight children that lived to be grown.  John, the oldest, left one son who in turn left eight or ten.  It is from this branch that we trace all of the Troys scattered over Tennessee, N.C. and S.C. and claiming descent from the Salisbury family.  Robert left three daughters.  Harriet, Ann and Rosa.  Harriet married three times, Chambers, Jennings and Burton were the names of her husbands.  Ann married a Mr. Hall and had one daughter Rosa.  Rosa married a Mr. Lance (Troy)”  - - This evidently refers to Rosa Troy who did marry Lance - -.  “The third child was Nancy” (refers to Ann, daughter of Michael Troy)  - - who married Capt. Ross Bird, U.S.A.  “Alexander our illustrious progenitor was the fourth in the family.”  (This is another error; he was the fourth son who lived).  It is not necessary to tell you anything of his descendants.  Of the other children Edward, Mathew, Rachel and William, only Mathew ever married.  Little is known of him by our family.  Owing to some family disagreement he went off into South Carolina and his name was never mentioned in the family.  It seems that he took a fancy to a very common woman in Salisbury and lived in open adultery with her until the family revolted, when he and she left together.  It was understood that he afterwards married her.  These are the ancestors of Mrs. Bivings’ family.

            We do not know what the occupation of the original Troy brothers was.  It is certain, however, that they were something better than common laborers.  There used to be an old story of one of them winning a lot of money from his Royal Highness, the King, at a game of cards.  There is no corroborative evidence in the way of money in the family at present. 

The other brother, Mathew, that married Jane Potts, left two children, Mathew and Kitty.  This Mathew Troy (the 2nd) was a very brilliant man.  He settled in Salisbury in the practice of the law.  Late in life Michael Troy became very much reduced in circumstances owing to the failure of his son John, upon whose bond he was, as Sheriff of the County, and he and all of his family went to Wadesboro to live with Robert, except Alexander, then only a boy, who went to live with his cousin, Mathew, who taught him and afterwards had him read law with him.  Our grandfather had the deepest love and admiration for him and it was for him that his son was named.  He left two children but both died without children.  Kitty, his sister, married Max Chambers late in life and had no children and so that line became extinct.  These constitute about all Aunt Fanny knows about our family.”

“Aunt Fanny, in this letter, was Frances Shipman Troy daughter of Alexander Troy, and grand-daughter of Michael Troy.

Her divergences from the genealogical details as afterwards gathered from other sources are slight and the letter has been given in full as explanatory of many details more fully shown hereafter.

My father, the youngest child of Alexander Troy, told me, years ago, that there was a tradition that the mother of Michael and Mathew Troy came to America with them.  I have not found this tradition elsewhere but the Pennsylvania records apparently show it to be founded in fact.  See note hereinafter that “Widow Troy” paid taxes on 100 acres of land in RaphoTwp/. Lancaster County, Pa., in 1771, during which year Michael Troy paid a tax as an “inmate” of Esthertown, or Eastertown, in the same county, as he did for two succeeding years also.  In 1767 Mathew Troy was living in Salisbury, N.C., as will be shown later, but he had been with Michael Troy in Lancaster County, Pa., before that for in 1772 one Power withdrew a caveat previously filed against Michael Troy, Rachael Troy and Mathew Troy.  See notes following.  In 1763 a John Troy, whom I am unable to connect in any way, but who may have been a third brother, was registered at Philadelphia as master of the “Snow” Hibernia, of 100 tons.  It is , of course, easily possible that Michael and Mathew Troy came to America as early as 1763, perhaps even before that.

Pennsylvania Archives, pub. By authority of the State of Pennsylvania, show the following, pages shown by indices for series 3 and 5, and here immaterial - - -


1769 - - - One Simpson enters a caveat against Michael Troy.

1771 - - - Widow Troy paid on 100 acres, Rapho. Twp., Lancaster County.

1771 - - - Michael Troy paid 2s. 6d. tax as “inmate” of Estertown, Lancaster                                       County.

1772 - - - Same as just above.

1773 - - - Same as just above.

1772 - - - Caveat of Alexander Power vs. Michael Troy, Rachael Troy, Mathew      Troy, et als. dismissed.

1773 - - - Michael Troy (of Sunbury) original warrantee of lot in Sunbury.

1774 - - - May 13, Michael Troy, warrantee of 500 acres.

                Sept. 7 Michael Troy, Esq., warrantee lot 318.

                Sept. 8 Michael Troy. Esq., (Sunbury) warrantee of 300 acres.

                Sept. 8 Michael Troy. Esq., (Sunbury) warrantee of lot 65.

1775 - - - Jan. 4.  Michael Troy warrantee of lot 72.                                               .  

1773 - - -                                                        “Land Office, February 10, 1773.

Whereas I Michael Troy (in whom the Right of John Singer to a certain application entered in the said office the 3rd April 1769, is become vested by virtue of diverse transfers) did in the name of the said Singer enter a Caveat on the 12th December, 1771, against granting a patent to Doctor Smith for a tract of land opposite the Long Reach on the west branch of Susquehanna but I have since discovered that not to be the place I intended to Caveat therefore I hereby withdraw the same caveat.          Mich’l Troy.”

1765 - - - Mathias Troy paid tax in Chester County, West Fellowfield Twp.

1750 - - - Jacob Troy was a warrantee of 40 acres in Bucks County.  Jacob Troy was a Major, 2nd Batt., Northumberland County Brigade.


            Nothing has been found to connect Jacob Troy and Mathias Troy with the family of Michael and Mathew.

            The following Revolutionary Troys are also unconnected and none of them appear to have had descendants or relatives of the name at the time of the Federal Census of 1790.


                        Private John Troy, Penn. Arch. Ser. 5, Vol. IV. p.480.

                        Private John Troy, Maryland, Oldham’s Company, enl.

                        May 23, 1778.  Deserted July 9, 1778.

                        Private John Troy, Maryland, anad. Roll-call Capt. Nathan

                        Smith’s Company, June 29, 1776.

                        Private John Troy, 9th Virginia, War Dept. Photos. Sheet 193-1.

                        Private Jesse Troy, Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the

                        Revolution, XVII, p.75.

                        Private James Troy, Walker’s Company, 7th Regt. N.C.

                        Colonial and State Records N.C. XVI. p.1171.

                        Private Timothy Troy, Maryland.

                        Private Jeremiah Troy, Maryland, Dorchester County.


            Nothing but conjecture exists about these Revolutionary individuals.  John Troy the Philadelphia shipmaster, may have been the Private John Troy, or one of them, of Pennsylvania and Maryland.  James Troy may have been some kinsman of Michael and Mathew but it is reasonably certain that he was not a son of Mathew and he certainly was not a son of Michael.  At the outbreak of the Revolution, 1776, Michael Troy had three small children and a fourth was born in October of that year.  John, the oldest, was about seven years of age.  We do not know whether Michael or Mathew was the elder brother but it is reasonably certain that unless Mathew Troy married twice that James Troy of the North Carolina forces could not have been his son.

            Estertown, or Eastertown, where Michael Troy paid tax as an “Inmate” is now only a memory.  It was probably near Paxtang, now Paxton, and the birth place of two of Michael’s children.  It was within the Manor of Paxtang which was Proprietary Manor No.44, to Thomas Penn, granted 1732, and embracing 1272 acres in Lancaster County.

            Sunbury was also a Proprietary Manor but for 20,000 acres in Northumberland County and was granted 1768.  Sunbury was the seat of the old Fort Augusta on the site of the former Indian village of Shamokin.  An account will be found in “Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania”, 2nd Ed., Harrisburg, Pa. 1916, vol. 2, pp354 et seq.

            Michael Troy was living in Sunbury at the time of the Wyoming outbreaks shortly after the Revolution commenced.  Vols.VI and VII of the correspondences between residents of the Wyoming Valley around Sunbury and the State authorities on the subject.  These letters, constantly calling for assistance and describing the nature of the Indian and Tory ravages, frequently call attention to the exodus of families from the neighborhood.  It was probably this Tory and Indian outbreak which caused Michael Troy to move with his family to North Carolina.  It is certain that Mathew Troy was already in Salisbury some years prior to this time.

            Copy of the original map of Sunbury is to be found in Vol. IV, p. 67,  Series 3. Pennsylvania Archives.  The town was surveyed 1772 and to attract settlers favorable terms were offered.  About 1774 the several grants were made to Michael Troy, Esquire.  Only a few of the many warrantees of the period were given the suffic “Esquire” so that it may be that Michael was, as so many of his sons became, a lawyer.

            He following records of the marriage of Michael Troy to Rachel Potts appear:


            “Robert Potts, of Paxtang, d. October 1769, leaving a wife Sarah (Biddle) and children:

1.      Rachel m. Michael Troy of Sunbury,

2.      Peggy m. Alexander Porter, farmer.

3.      Jean, m. John Dickey, blacksmith.

4.      Ann.

He leaves a legacy to his sister, Jean Potts.”

Egle’s  Notes and Queries, Pennsylvania, Ser.3, p. 254


The “Potts Family”:  Thomas Maxwell Potts, Cannonsburg, Pa. 1901, has the following:

“James Potts, a bookseller at Belfast, Ireland, who seems to have been a man of wealth, sailed Sept. 1748, for Boston, in the Sloop Eagle, Oliver Airy, Master.  He

died in Pennsylvania 1755 and letters of administration were taken out in Lancaster County, April 25, 1756.  John Potts, a merchant of Belfast, and Robert Potts of County Antrim, gave to David Potts, also of County Antrim, letters of attorney to proceed to Pennsylvania and collect the proceeds of James’ estate.  Deed Book H-7, p. 526, Philadelphia.”


The work refers to these individuals as unconnected with the English-descended family of Potts of which the work treats, and who were the founders of Pottstown and Pottsville.  This work refers to the will of Robert Potts as follows:

“Robert Potts, of Paxtang, Lancaster County, Pa., whose wife is said to have been Sarah Biddle, died October 1769.  In his will he mentions his wife, Sarah, his sister, Jean, and his four daughters by name: - - Rachel m. Michael Troy of Sunbury; Peggy m. Alexander Porter, a farmer; Jean m. John Dickey, a blacksmith; Ann.”


The arms of the Irish family Potts, given in “Potts Family”, are blazoned as follows:

            “Azure, two bars or, over all a bend of the last.  Crest: on a wreath a leopard sejant, ppr. Collared and chained or. Motto: In vinculis estiam audax.”


            The marriage of Jean, later known as Jane, to John Dickey was her first marriage; later she married Mathew Troy.


            Michael Troy appears to have lived for a few years at or near Paxton, that is to say, in the Manor of Paxton or Paxtang; possibly until just about the time that he took land in Sunbury.  He evidently lived in Sunbury from that time until sometime during the early years of the Revolution when he left for North Carolina.  Taken in connection with the letter first quoted the copy of entries from the old Troy bible - - but just what bible is uncertain - - which follows - - gives a very clear idea of his movements.  Two of his children were born at Paxton, two in Sunbury, the last in the fall of 1776.  After this the next child was born, 1779, in Salisbury, where all of the others were born.  Owing to the lapse of time and my inability to examine original records of Lancaster County and of Rowan County, North Carolina, I have been able to find only a very little about the life of Michael.  He was probably, as his name indicates with the suffic Esquire, a lawyer, but this is merely a guess.

            The children of Michael and Rachel (Potts) Troy, names and dates furnished by Mrs. Mary Parks London, widow of Alexander Troy London (Alexander Troy’s grandson and of the writer’s generation) were as follows:

1.      John, born at Paxton, Pa., Sept. 9, 1769.  This data confirmed independently through his descendants.

2.      Mathew, born at Paxton, Pa. Aug. 22, 1771.

3.      Thomas, born at Sunbury, Pa., Sept. 4, 1774.

4.      Robert, born at Sunbury, Pa., Oct. 20, 1776.  Confirmed independently by entry in Huske bible and inscription on his gravestone at Wadesboro, N.C.

5.      Michael, born at Salisbury, N.C., May 28, 1779.  Died 1780.

6.      Michael, born at Salisbury, N.C., June 13, 1781.  Died 1795.

7.      Ann, born at Salisbury, N.C., February 29, 1784.  This very unusual birthday is the only one of its kind so far discovered in the family.

8.      Alexander, born at Salisbury, N.C., February 17, 1790/  This is independently confirmed by various sources.

9.      Edward, born at Salisbury, N.C., February 17, 1790.

10.  Rachel, born at Salisbury, N.C., Nov. 3, 1792.

11.  William Ewing, born at Salisbury, N.C. March 19, 1796.


It may be noted here that following the successive deaths of the two Michaels in

infancy no other child except John Michael Beard, a grandson of John Troy, and who also died in infancy, has had the name.  On the other hand Rev. Fred Troy advises me that in his ancestry there were also two Michaels in one family but, as the second lived to maturity and left descendants, the name is still popular and borne by several individuals.


            The entries in the old Troy bible regarding the four Potts daughters are as follows:

“Rachel Potts, born the first day of November in the year of our lord 1752.  Died the 7 day of October 1806, at Wadesboro.

            Margaret Potts, born the 10 of July in the year of our lord 1757.

Jean Potts, born the 10 of August in the year of our lord 1759.  Died March 26, 1829, at Salisbury.

Ann Potts, born the 17 day of November in the year of our Lord 1762.”


In an old bible which belonged to William Weldon Huske, Fayetteville, N.C. with whom I corresponded, there was an entry to the effect that Michael Troy married Rachel Potts, of Pennsylvania, whose Mother’s name was Ewing.”  This may be right or not; it is impossible to advance greater evidence for Biddle or for Ewing as the name of wife of Robert Potts.


The following extracts from Penn. Arch. Ser. 3, vol. XXIV, pp. 1733 – 1896 may throw some light on the Potts line:

“James Potts, warrantee 200 acres Sept. 8, 1737

John Potts, warrantee 130 acres, Jan. 13, 1743

Robert Potts, warrantee 200 acres, Oct. 15, 1744

Moses Potts, warrantee 200 acres, Mar. 28, 1751.

All in Lancaster County.


In the first Federal Census, taken in 1790, and by heads of families, careful examination of all of the records, covering the whole territory involved, discloses only two Troys mentioned.  These were Michael Troy, living in the Salisbury District, North Carolina, with one male over 16, four males under 16, three females, and two slaves; and Jean Troy, same place, with two males under 16, four females (including herself) and seven slaves.

Of the little discovered about Michael Troy it may be noted that the Huske bible mentions him as “a merchant of Salisbury”.  In the History of Rowan County, Rumple, 1881, republished 1916, by Elizabeth Maxwell Steele Chapter, D.A.R. Charlotte, N.C. he is mentioned with Maxwell Chambers, John Steele, and John Blake, as one of the Town Commissioners of Salisbury in March 1787, at which time his brother Mathew was Justice of Police.  Under an ordinance of 1793 requiring householders, according to their means, to maintain leathern fire buckets, holding not less than two gallons each, Michael Troy  and one or two others were listed as two-bucket-men; only one individual being listed for three.

Michael was evidently a man of means while in Pennsylvania for the records show that he was a heavy tax payer; he and one Lemmons paying in one year over 100 pounds tax on a single tract, besides several others held individually.

With reference to the suretyship for John mentioned by Aunt Fanny Bird in the letter quoted it appears in Langdon & Ward vs. Troy, II Haywood’s Reports (North Carolina) (1797) p. 165, that John Troy was sued on his bond as Sheriff.  This suit was against John finally and doubtless his father was held responsible therein.

Michael Troy died and was buried at Wadesboro, so far as known, and in 1800/ The date is taken from an entry in the Huske bible: - - “Michael Troy died 1800 and his wife Rachel 1806”.  I do not know that his grave is marked with a stone; no information has come to my attention if such a stone exists and I have not yet had opportunity to visit the grave.

As far as we can safely hazard a guess Michael Troy lived in Salisbury nearly twenty years, arriving, say, about 1777 and leaving for Wadesboro somewhere around 1797. 

Rachel (Potts) Troy died, according to the old Troy bible, “7 of October 1806 at Wadesboro.”  She was doubtless buried there also.

Of Mathew Troy, the brother of Michael, the earliest record mention I have found is the statement in the journal of Waigstill Avery that he engaged a years board with Mr. Troy in Salisbury, May 4, 1767.  Hist. Rowan County, supra. According to Rumple Mathew Troy was a Town Commissioner of Salisbury in 1770.  The Colonial and State Records of North Carolina, carefully examined in the beginning of the work here represented, contain many references to Mathew Troy.  By dates they are as follows:

1775   -   Council of Safety resolved that Mathew Troy and others report what           store of powder, flint and lead they had on hand.

1775   -   Resolved by Committee of Safety that Mathew Troy deliver all powder in his possession, belonging to one Kelly, and that the Council indemnify Troy and that he be given a copy of the resolution.

1775   -   The board of War resolves to write Mathew Troy regarding the supply of salt for Rowan County.

1775   -   Mathew Troy appointed member of the Committee of Secrecy, Intelligence and Observation for Rowan County and the Town of Salisbury.

1775   -   The Safety Committee of Rowan County bought from him twenty pounds of lead at 10 pence.

1775   -   The Provincial Council resolved that Mathew Troy be authorized and appointed to employ proper persons to build carriages for four cannon then at New Berne and remove them to Salisbury for the defense of the Province, and that the Treasurers pay to Mathew Troy for this the sum of forty pounds.

1778   -   Mathew Troy qualified as a member of the House of Commons as representative of the Town of Salisbury.

1778   -   Mathew Troy made a justice of the peace by Ordinance of the Convention of 1776.

1784   -   Mathew Troy and others incorporated as Trustees of Salisbury Academy by Act for the encouragement of Learning, etc. Legislature of N.C.

1787   -   Rumple, Hist. Rowan County, supra, mentions Mathew Troyas Justice of Police. P. 252.


I have found no record of the time and place of Mathew’s marriage to Jean, or Jane, Potts, or rather to Jean Dickey.

Part of the information about Mathew’s family affairs comes from tombstone inscriptions at Salisbury.  Here is one which explains the Dickey marriage:

“Sacred may this marble long remain, the just tribute of a sister’s affection to the memory of Sarah Dickey, daughter of Jane Troy by a former marriage with John Dickey, who departed this life June 12, 1829, aged - - - years.”

Jane (Potts) (Dickey) Troy is buried in the Old Lutheran Cemetery, Salisbury, and her grave bears this:

“This humble stone is consecrated by her bereaved daughters to the memory of Jane Troy, relict of Mathew Troy, Esquire, who was born in Pennsylvania, August 10, 1759, and departed this life March 26, 1829.  She, during a life of extraordinary vicissitude, was distinguished by fortitude, resignation, discretion and maternal affection.  A spirit more gentle, more innocent, more pure, never perhaps appeared in the female form.”


From Nat. Cyc. Amer. Biography, Vol. XIII, p.94, it appears that John Dickey, a native of Londonderry, Ireland, settled in Rowan County, N.C., 1753.  His son, Samuel Dickey, was the grandfather of Dr. James E. Dickey, of Emory College, Oxford, Ga., and the subject of the sketch giving this data.  Samuel Dickey may have been - - probably was - - the son of Jean (Troy) Dickey.

So far as known, the line of Mathew Troy having completely died out, the data cannot be so thoroughly reliable, but it appears that his children were:

1.      Mathew, probably born at Salisbury prior to the Revolution.

2.      Catherine, known as “Kitty” or as “Cousin Kitty Chambers” after her marriage to Maxwell Chambers.

3.      Panthea, who, it appears, married John Chambers.

There is reason to believe that there was another daughter, Anne, but this is uncertain.


Mathew Troy, the second of the name, married Rebecca  M. Nesbit, daughter of Mary and William Nesbit.  By a prior marriage with Joseph Chambers Mary Nesbit had a son, Maxwell Chambers, an uncle or cousin of Maxwell Chambers just mentioned, married Panthea Troy.

Mathew Troy, the second, had - - -

1.      Henry M. who died July 8, 1824, aged about twelve.

2.      Laura, who died Nov. 16, 1828, aged about eighteen.


After the death of her husband, Mathew Troy’s widow married Judge D.E. Caldwell, and as Rebecca M. Caldwell was buried at Salisbury, 1855.

Mathew Troy, second, was one of the first graduates of the University of North Carolina.  “Troy was a lawyer of standing after being a tutor in the University Grammar School.” 1803.  “Mathew Troy and Chesire Daniel presided over the preparatory department . . . . Troy taught the Jugurtha and Cataline of Ballust and to a well-behaved boy was kindly but quick with the lash on the idle and the wicked.”  Hist. Of the Univ. of North Carolina 178901868, by Kent P. Battle.  He was of the 1803.  Mathew Troy was named as executor of the will of his cousin Robert Troy, son of Michael, who died 1807,  Laura, daughter of Mathew Troy, “excelled in spelling” at Salisbury Academy, according to “Schools and Academies of North Carolina,” Coon, Raleigh, 1916.

Catherine Troy, who married Maxwell Chambers, the younger, was born, according to her tombstone inscription, April 1785, at Salisbury and died there Nov. 27, 1852.  The grave is beneath the Lecture Room of the Presbyterian Church, which, according to Rumple, she and Jane Troy joined in 1823.  According to Rumple Catherine Troy and Maxwell Chambers, the younger, waited until they had enough money to make matrimony a safe venture.  Rumple says that when Maxwell had accumulated around two hundred thousand dollars, Catherine having then about thirty thousand in her own right, they thought it safe to marry.  This, naturally, was late in their lives.  There were no children.  Maxwell Chambers, however, made more money and acquired the reputation of being a shrewd business man.  Rumple has a good deal to say of him.  “Aunt Kitty” as she was known, he says, was the soul of kindness and well and widely respected for her charities.  She was blind for some years prior to her death.  My brother, Robert E. Troy, of Montgomery, now owns a watch - - worn out, however, which once belonged to “Cousin Kitty” and which was probably once worn by Maxwell Chambers.  The portraits of “Cousin Kitty” and of her husband, Maxwell Chambers, still hang in the parlor of the Presbyterian Manse at Salisbury.

At the death of Maxwell Chambers, the younger, his will provided a considerable bequest to the Presbyterian Church conditioned on the maintenance of certain graves beneath the lecture room and the portraits just mentioned in the manse.  The graves are fully described in Rumple’s work and are of William Nesbit, Mary Fulton, the mother of Maxwell Chambers and Rebecca M. Nesbit, Adelaide Fulton, an infant, Henry M. Troy, Laura Troy, Rebecca M. Caldwell, Catherine B. Chambers, Maxwell Chambers, and Panthea Jane Davies. 

Panthea Troy, sister of Mathew Troy, second, seems to have married John Chambers, son of the original Maxwell Chambers, according to Rumple; p. 513.  The will of Maxwell Chambers refers to her.

Rumple also mentions, p. 85, a widow Troy who married William Brandon, but this is thought to be a mistake as there was no widow Troy so far as known not completely accounted for already.

An investigation at Salisbury, to be made when I have opportunity, should develop much more detailed information both as to Mathew Troy’s family and that of my ancestor, Michael.  There seems to be no question, however, about the line of Mathew having died out with the individuals last mentioned.

The original Mathew Troy was apparently a man of unusual energy and ability, as was also his son, Mathew.  While they are not ancestors of any of us of the present family they have seemed to me to be well worthy of full mention in these notes and kinsmen of whom we have reason to feel some little pride.  Besides, Mathew, second, practically shaped the career of Alexander Troy, one of the two ancestors of the present holders of the name, and we can probably credit this Mathew with some of the qualities we may possess.




John (Michael) was born, according to the old Troy Bible entry, confirmed independently through his descendants, at Paxton, Pa., Sept. 9, 1769.  He died Sept. 5, 1828, doubtless in North Carolina.  John is said by some of his descendants, among them Rev. Jno. C. Troy, now dead, of Durham, N.C., to have been at one time State Solicitor at Salisbury.  He was Sheriff of Bladen County shortly prior to 1797.  See Langdon & Ward vs. Troy, II Haywood (N.C.) p. 165, suit against him and his sureties as Sheriff.  Knee buckles which belonged to John are in possession (in 1919) of his descendant Mrs. Ida B. Hosea, Lexington, Miss.  John married at Salisbury, (marriage bond recorded June 21, 1790) June 24, 1790, Isabella or “Tibbie” Balfour, daughter of Andrew Balfour, of Edinboro, Scotland, who had sailed from Grenock to Boston, 1772, and who afterwards became Colonel of Revolutionary forces in North Carolina.  He was killed in the presence of “Tibbie” by Fanning and his Tory raiders in 1782.  A history of Balfour with mention of this incident and details of “Tibbie’s” life is found in “The Old North State in 1776”,Caruthers, 1854.  See also Biog. Hist. North Carolina, Vol. II, p. 17, by Ashe.

John (Michael) had only three children:  - -

  1. John Balfour  (John, Michael) born in Carter County, Tenn., Oct. 30, 1791.  Checked from several sources.
  2. Margaret Balfour (John, Michael) born May 12, 1793.  Died at Flat Swamp Springs, Davidson County, Tenn., 1913.  Left no issue.  Checked from various sources.
  3. Rachael Potts (John Michael) born Salisbury, Mar. 5, 1795.  Checked from various independent sources.

Of these John Balfour (John, Michael) and Rachael Potts (John, Michael) left numerous descendants; the descendants of John Balfour (John, Michael) and of Alexander (Michael) being the only present bearers of the name, all other lines having died out or surviving through the female side only.




John Balfour (John, Michael) B. Oct. 30, 1791; d. Mar. 23, 1864 – information from several sources.  He is buried in the Cemetery of Bethany, M. E. Church, about two miles from Liberty, N.C..  He married Nancy Lane in 1816.  She was the daughter of the High Sheriff of Randolph County, N.C., and was born May 28, 1802; died Mar. 15, 1880.

The children of this marriage were: -

1.      Mathew M. (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. Oct. 12, 1817.  M. Ann Eliza (Evans) Staley, about 1850, and had only one son.  Thaddeus O. (Mathew M., John Balfour, John, Michael) who was a Private and Hospital Steward in 48th N.C. C.S.A. 1863.  He is now (1917) living in Virginia and has furnished the data, in part, given above. 

2.      Isabella Balfour (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. Apr. 26, 1819.

3.      William E. (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. Jan. 11, 1821.

4.      Alfred L. Troy (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. Mar. 1, 1823.  Buried same place as John Balfour Troy.

5.      Mary W. (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. Mar. 10, 1825.

6.      John Balfour (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. June 21, 1827.  Enlisted May 25, 1863, disch’d for disability July 10, 1863, C.S.A.

7.      Thaddeus L. (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. Sept. 27, 1829.  Buried Bethany Cemetery.

8.      James A.  (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. June 25, 1831.  Killed in accident in school Apr. 4, 1850.  Buried Bethany Cemetery.

9.      Wesley Clarke ( John Balfour, John, Michael) b. July 30, 1833. 

m. May 22, 1856, Louisa Emily Powers.  Died recently.  Father of Rev. Jno. C. Troy, Durham, N.C. and Mrs. Ella Troy Hardin, Salisbury, N.C.

10. Nancy Margaret (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. Sept. 21, 1835.                                                    

       Buried at Bethany Cemetery.

11.  Robert Preston (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. July 13, 1838.

d. July 1, 1899. Capt. Co. G46th N.C. Regt. C.S.A.  Wounded Ream’s Station, Aug. 25, 1864.  Portrait opp. P 65 North Carolina Regt. 1861-5, Clark, vol. III.

12.  Thomas Settle (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. Mar. 3, 1840. Sar. Maj.                                 46th  N.C. Regt. C.S.A.  Promoted 2nd Lieut.  Killed Battle of Wilderness May 6, 1864.  Portrait opp. P. 71, work just cited.  Buried Bethany Cemetery.

13.  Albert Clay ( John Balfour, John, Michael) b. Mar. 24 1843.  d. Infancy.

14.  Rachael Emma (John Balfour, John, Michael) b. Sept. 23, 1846.


Much more data than can be here given can unquestionably be had in North Carolina regarding John Balfour Troy.  He was evidently a man of substance and ability.  In Wheeler’s Hist.of North Carolina, 1851, referring to Montgomery County says: - “Its capitol is Troy, which preserves the name of the late John B. Troy, Esq., an eminent attorney of this county and solicitor of this judicial district.”  This, however, may refer to the original John (Michael) and be merely confused as to name.  An advertisement by John Balfour Troy for “a gentleman of competent qualification” to teach an English School, dated 1837, appears in Schools and Academies of North Carolina, supra.  A portrait of John Balfour Troy has come into my possession.  His descendants are much more numerous than those of the sons of Alexander (Michael) and most of the Troys now living are of his tribe.  I have been in correspondence with many of his grandchildren but as the purpose of these notes is not to include individuals beyond the fourth generation, that of John Balfour Troy’s children, much of the data obtained cannot be given here.  The Troys living in Fayetteville, New Orleans, and other places, and many descendents through the female line, are all derived from the John Balfour Troy strain and have the Scotch admixture through their ancestress “Tibbie Balfour”.




Rachel Potts (John, Michael) b. Mar. 5, 1795, m. Lewis Beard, (b. July 28, 1789, d. Sharon, Miss., Apr. 12, 1862) probably a son of Lewis Beard, Representative of Salisbury in N.C. House of Commons, 1791-2-3.  The Beards were of German or Palatine origin.  See the work of Rumple, mentioned supra.  Data is furnished largely by Mrs. Ida B. Hosea, her granddaughter, now living in Lexington, Miss.  Rachel Potts (Troy) Beard moved to Mississippi about 1847.  Her children were: -

1.       John Michael (Rachel Potts, John, Michael) b. Aug. 27, 1815, d. Infancy  This was the last Michael.

2.      Henry Troy (Rachel Potts, John, Michael) b. Sept. 6, 1817. m. (1) Alina Cable (2) Dorothy Sadbury.

3.      Alexander Zively Rachel Potts, John, Michael) b. Dec. 14, 1819, m. his cousin Louisa Malvina Beard.

4.      Edward  James (Rachel Potts, John, Michael) b. Jan. 14, 1822, m. Sarah Elizabeth Trexler.

5.      William Ewing (Rachel Potts, John, Michael) b. June 13, 1824 m. Martha Sadbury.

6.      Pleasant Rufus (Rachel Potts, John, Michael) b. May 6, 1827, m. Elizabeth De Long.  Had 13 children.

7.      Mathew McPherson (Rachel Potts, John, Michael) b. Mar. 5, 1829, m. Evaline McMillon, issue a daughter.  Line extinct.

8.      Chrissie Isabella (Rachel Potts, John, Michael) b. June 27, 1831, m. David J. Bailey, Dec. 9, 1863.  Mrs. Ida Malvina (Beard) Hosea, Lexington, Mississippi, is one of them and she furnished the data here given.

9.      Johnson Hargrave (Rachel Potts, John, Michael) b. July 15, 1834, m. Sarah Sanders of Attalia County, Miss..


Very little is known of the numerous Beards descended through Rachel Potts Troy (John, Michael).  One or two of them have corresponded with me but they do not know much about their own line.  The nine children just noted are, of course, of the fourth generation, that of myself, and they are great grandchildren of the original Michael Troy.  In addition to the Scotch strain through “Tibbie” Balfour they take the Beard German or Palatine strain.  I have never seen any of them but would expect to see them strongly resembling the type as we recognize it.


Please note:  The Notes of Daniel Watts Troy continue and include the descendants of the brothers and sisters (see below) of our John Troy who married our Isabella “Tibbie” Balfour.  We are not including them here.  Katherine Benbow did the work of transcribing the information regarding the descendants of John and Tibbie into the notes of each individual so it can be read in the Descendants pages.


“In addition to the Troy Crest, the Shipman arms, the Potts arms, mentioned above, the descendants of Daniel Shipman Troy take the Allen arms:  Per chevron gules and ermine in chief two lions heads erased or, crest, a horses head; being the arms of the Allens of Virginia, of which the South Carolina family was a branch.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

These notes conclude the family from Michael Troy to and including his great grand children, the first four generations.  The addenda are matters of special interest to some branches only and include the related Watts, Allen, Carpenter, and Eddins connections and certain details of the families of some of the fourth generation marriages.  This December 15, 1919.”


We repeat:


            The children of Michael and Rachel (Potts) Troy, names and dates furnished by Mrs. Mary Parks London, widow of Alexander Troy London (Alexander Troy’s grandson and of the writer’s generation) were as follows:

1.       John, born at Paxton, Pa., Sept. 9, 1769.  This data confirmed independently through his descendants.

2.       Mathew, born at Paxton, Pa. Aug. 22, 1771.

3.      Thomas, born at Sunbury, Pa., Sept. 4, 1774.

4.      Robert, born at Sunbury, Pa., Oct. 20, 1776.  Confirmed independently by entry in Huske bible and inscription on his gravestone at Wadesboro, N.C.

5.      Michael, born at Salisbury, N.C., May 28, 1779.  Died 1780.

6.      Michael, born at Salisbury, N.C., June 13, 1781.  Died 1795.

7.      Ann, born at Salisbury, N.C., February 29, 1784.  This very unusual birthday is the only one of its kind so far discovered in the family.

8.      Alexander, born at Salisbury, N.C., February 17, 1790/  This is independently confirmed by various sources.

9.      Edward, born at Salisbury, N.C., February 17, 1790.

10.  Rachel, born at Salisbury, N.C., Nov. 3, 1792.

11.  William Ewing, born at Salisbury, N.C. March 19, 1796.


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